In most cases, individuals seek spine surgery to minimize pain and maximize mobility associated with the region between the neck and the sacrum (particularly the low back.) Highly-sought by older adults and athletes alike, many individuals seek the professional guidance and services of a spine surgeon.
Most individuals dealing with debilitating back pain or spinal malfunctions educate themselves about their ailments and their options to correct such issues. To help, below we highlight five safe and effective forms of spinal surgery for you to consider if you're dealing with side-lining pain or mobility issues in the spine.
Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is a form of spine surgery that is recommended after failure of non-surgical methods to relieve pain on the neck and arms as a result of the spinal nerves being under pressure.
During the spinal surgery, the herniated disc is removed partially or wholly to prevent risk of damage to the spinal nerves and cord. Thereafter a bone graft is inserted between the vertebrae in place of the disc. This is to prevent the vertebrae from rubbing onto each other and collapsing.
The bone graft and vertebrae are fixed in place with screws and metal plates and overtime will join together to form a solid piece of bone. Recovery with this type of spine surgery is usually 4-6 weeks. However, the relief from the pain areas occurs soon after being discharged.
Cervical disc replacement is a form a spinal surgery that is only done after failure of non-surgical methods. An incision is done at the front of the neck to replace damaged and protruding discs with artificial discs. This is as result of the damaged discs irritating the spinal nerves that are supported by roots in the spinal cord. The damaged discs lead to pain and numbness in the neck and arms.
After replacement of the disc, a bone graft is inserted to ensure the bones fuse after sometime. The patient can go home that day, then recovery and relief will start almost immediately. This method is not recommended on children.
A patient needing minimally invasive lumbar discectomy may be having symptoms including pain in the lower back, muscle weakness in the lower extremities and numbness.
The aim of this type of spinal surgery is to treat the herniated disc in the lower region of the back as a result of irritation of spinal nerves which have roots near the spinal cord, which is near the disc.
An incision is done in the lower back to avoid damaging the muscles and also to ensure quick recovery. Below is short video by Dr. Joshua Rovner that goes into greater detail about this particular spine surgery procedure. Dr. Joshua Rovner is one of the most reputable spine surgeons in New Jersey who provides all of the spine surgery procedures mentioned in this post.
During this spinal surgery procedure, muscles are then removed temporarily from the bone and part of the bone is then removed in order to reach the disc. Either part or the whole herniated disc is removed to relieve pressure and pain on the lower back. The patient can go home immediately after the surgery and recovery process may take a few weeks.
Lumbar spinal fusion applicable where non-surgical means do not apply. The purpose of this form of spine surgery is to stabilize the lumbar spine more. Symptoms include: Pain in hips, lower back and spinal stenosis.
Lumbar spinal fusion surgery is done through a vertical incision in the lower back region but over the spine. During the spine surgery procedure, the muscle is temporarily removed from the bone in order to reach the vertebrae, lumbar discectomy is done to remove part of the vertebrae so as to reach the damaged disc. This is done either partially or wholly. A bone graft is inserted between the vertebrae for support and stability. The patient goes home after few days. The recovery period is between 4-6 weeks although full recovery takes few more months.
Revision spine surgery is done due to: Post-surgical complications, previous wrong diagnosis and infection in the surgical area. The main purpose is to reduce pain. It is more complex as it deals with scar and bone tissues.
In conclusion, since spine surgery is recommended only after non-surgical methods have failed, the need for a well-trained orthopaedic or neurosurgeon is vital. This is to avoid the revision of spine surgery because of reasons such as misdiagnosis. To learn more about these types of spine surgery, or to connect with a professional and highly experienced orthopaedic spine surgeon, contact Dr. Joshua Rovner, a reputable spine surgeon in New Jersey.
Progressive Spine & Orthopaedics
440 Curry Avenue, Suite A
Englewood, NJ 07631
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